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As the literary metaphor, I believe works of architecture are made with technical and conceptual metaphors which “mertaphor” to become an architectural metaphor.

I’d like to offer some of my 45 years of research for possible discussion and applications.

“Architecture: the making of metaphors”.

Your invitation would be welcome.

Buildings are the products of programming, design and construction

You can look at the profession of architecture as the process or product.

Architecture: the making of metaphors is concerned primarily with the process.

Buildings seen by users, public and scholars are incidental and as beauty in the eyes of the beholder. As anything in the landscape can be received as a metaphor and perceived metaphorically. But primarily they are the result of a metaphoric process and as such are metaphors; perceived or not.

How is architecture: the making of metaphors changing everything about architecture as we know it from the way it was practiced before?

Why architecture: the making of metaphors fills a need.  It declares that:

  • Read: in order to be read buildings must be authored and readers made literate
  • Art: Involving craft and technique architecture is an art; whether read or not is ever-present in our environment and constitutes our context
  • Aesthetic: whether read, authored or artful building’s aesthetic must be appreciated by beholder.
  • Function: Aesthetic, artful, unread or un-authored if it doesn’t shelter to its peculiar demand the work is irrelevant and abandoned.

Researched Publications: Refereed and Peer-reviewed Journals:

Barie Fez-Barringten; monographs”:

1. “Architecture the making of metaphors

Main Currents in Modern Thought/Center for Integrative Education; Sep.-Oct. 1971, Vol. 28 No.1, New Rochelle, New York.

2.”Schools and metaphors

Main Currents in Modern Thought/Center for Integrative Education Sep.-Oct. 1971, Vol. 28 No.1, New Rochelle, New York.

3.”User’s metametaphoric phenomena of architecture and Music“:

“METU” (Middle East Technical University: Ankara, Turkey): May 1995″

Journal of the Faculty of Architecture

4.”Metametaphors and Mondrian: Neo-plasticism and its’ influences in architecture”                                              Unpublished, 1993

5. “The Metametaphor of architectural education“,

North Cypress, Turkish University. December, 1997

6.Mosques and metaphors Unpublished,1993

7.”The basis of the metaphor of Arabia Unpublished, 1993

8.”The conditions of Arabia in metaphor Unpublished, 1993

9. “The metametaphor theorem

Architectural Scientific Journal, Vol. No. 8; 1994 Beirut Arab University.

10. “Arabia’s metaphoric images Unpublished, 1993

11.”The context of Arabia in metaphor Unpublished, 1993

12. “A partial metaphoric vocabulary of Arabia

“Architecture: University of Technology in Datutop; February 1995 Finland

13.”The Aesthetics of the Arab architectural metaphor

“International Journal for Housing Science and its applications”

Coral Gables, Florida.1993

14.“Multi-dimensional metaphoric thinking”

Open House, September 1997: Vol. 22; No. 3, United Kingdom: Newcastle uponTyne

15.“Teaching the techniques of making architectural metaphors in the twenty-first century.” Journal of King Abdul Aziz University Engg…Sciences; Jeddah: Code: BAR/223/0615:OCT.2.1421 H. 12TH EDITION; VOL.I and “Transactions”  of

Cardiff University,UK. April 2010

16. “WordGram #9” Permafrost:Vol.31 Summer 2009 Universty of Alsaka Fairbanks; ISSN: 0740-7890; page 197

17. Metaphors and Architecture.” October, MIT

18. “Metaphor as an inference from sign”; University of Syracuse

Journal of enterprise Architecture; November 2009

19. “Framing the art vs. architecture argument” ;Brunel University (West London);BST: Body, Space & Technology Journal : Feb. 2010

20. Reconstruction: Cover (Creation by Christsina Fez-Barringten) and Urban Passion: March 2010

21. “An architectural history of metaphors”: AI & Society: (Journal of human-centered and machine intelligence) Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Communication: Pub: Springer; London; AI & Society located in University of Brighton, UK; On-line and hard copy; 2010

22. “Does Architecture Create Metaphors?; G.Malek; Cambridge; August 8,2009

Pgs 3-12  (4/24/2010)

The title of my unpublished book: “Architecture: The Making of Metaphors”

is the exact title, including the colon, of the 1967 Yale lecture series

Benefit of “Architecture: The Making of Metaphors” is that after learning the contents of “Architecture: The Making of Metaphors” readers should be able to mange the design process and better enjoy the built environment.

Table of contents

1.  Introduction

2.  Underlying assumptions about Metaphor

3.  Metaphoric complementarities: Technical and Conceptual Metaphor &Implicit and Explicit/process

4.  An architectural history of metaphors

5.  Stasis –The heart of the Metaphor

6.   Metaphoric Bundling: Metaphor from parts to whole

7.   Metaphor with comparisons

8.   Metaphor as an Inference from Sign (correlations) Establishing Likeness

9    Cause and effect of Metaphor of works of architecture

10.  Aesthetics as Commonplace of Metaphor

11.  What makes a good Metaphor (validity and fallacies?)

12   Metaphor between surrogates (company, family, school, etc)

(Private and Non-Professional Metaphor)

13.  Framing the art [A] vs. architecture argument

14.  The Six Ways in which architecture works as a metaphor with warrants to the inference

15.   Design Construction Making a Metaphor

16.   Reification

For any one individual “Architecture: The Making of Metaphors” is predicated by a personal encounter of both sense and mind.  Kant’s phenomenon philosophy and Berleant’s approach to aesthetics-view object as it is perceived by the senses. So after having derived and developed the ideas of architecture as the making of metaphors it still behooves readers to realize the phenomenon and epiphany enjoying both the process and read of design and the environment.  Architecture: the making of metaphors is more than an idea but phenomena and as such is the immediate object of awareness in experience. In earlier monographs I quoted Husserl and others noting the Dasein of the metaphor and the epiphany of the revelation that architecture: the making of metaphors.  However, without the combination of life experience of perception and design that transforms; where neither time, neither space nor substance matters except the sanctified and set apart aesthetic experience of creation. It is that special awareness during design and inhabiting buildings where the phenomenon of the architecture and metaphors lives. When you get it you know that you know, when there is an eclipse of the process with a product that achieves program:metaphor.


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